Integration of Physically-Based and Data-Driven Modeling Approaches for Compound Coastal Flood Hazard Assessment Under Uncertainties

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dc.contributor Moradkhani, Hamid
dc.contributor Cohen, Sagy
dc.contributor Kumar, Mukesh
dc.contributor Clement, Prabhakar
dc.contributor.advisor Moftakhari, Hamed Muñoz, David Fernando 2022-02-04T20:16:34Z 2022-02-04T20:16:34Z 2021
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003994
dc.identifier.other MuxF1oz_alatus_0004D_14667
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Flood hazard assessment is an essential component of risk and disaster management that helps identify areas exposed to flooding as well as support decision making, and emergency response. Floods can result from isolated, concurrent, or successive drivers of (non-) extreme origin (e.g., fluvial, pluvial, and oceanic) and so put society and the environment at constant risk. Specifically, a combination of either concurrent or successive flood drivers with potential impacts larger than those from isolated drivers is defined as compound flooding (CF). Contemporary studies in compound flood hazard assessment (CFHA) and modeling have focused on simulating inundation extent, water depth, and velocities at local or regional scale. However, those studies often neglect inherent uncertainties associated with forcing data, observations, model parameters, and model structure. A comprehensive analysis of these uncertainty sources is thus imperative, but it requires advanced statistical techniques such as data assimilation (DA) to adequately account for error propagation in compound flood modeling. Chapters 1 to 4 present previous peer-review studies oriented towards a better characterization of uncertainty in CFHA. Those studies include the following research topics: (i) analysis of wetland elevation error and correction of coastal digital elevation models, (ii) compound effects of wetland elevation error and uncertainty from flood drivers, (iii) effects of model selection and model structure error on total water level prediction, and (iv) long-term wetland dynamics associated with urbanization, sea level rise, and hurricane impacts. Chapter 5 presents a cost-effective approach based on deep learning (DL) and data fusion (DF) techniques that enables efficient estimation of exposure to compound coastal flooding at regional scale. Chapter 6 presents a DA scheme based on the Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) technique and hydrodynamic modeling to improve water level (WL) predictions and CFHA in coastal to inland transition zones where pluvial, fluvial, and coastal processes interact. The last section of this dissertation summarizes the main findings of these studies and discusses future research areas that are worth exploring in the context of CFHA.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Compound flooding
dc.subject.other Data assimilation
dc.subject.other Flood hazard assessment
dc.subject.other Hurricanes
dc.subject.other Machine learning
dc.subject.other Uncertainties
dc.title Integration of Physically-Based and Data-Driven Modeling Approaches for Compound Coastal Flood Hazard Assessment Under Uncertainties
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering Civil engineering The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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