Who’s in, who’s out: a descriptive analysis of demographic and contextual factors related to labor force participation among older adults

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dc.contributor Smith, Brenda D.
dc.contributor Parker, Michael W.
dc.contributor Alameda-Lawson, Tania
dc.contributor Lawson, Michael A.
dc.contributor.advisor MacNeil, Gordon
dc.contributor.author White-Chapman, Nyshetia
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-11T16:49:05Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-11T16:49:05Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0002932
dc.identifier.other WhiteChapman_alatus_0004D_13445
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/3617
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract As the proportion of older adults in the United States grows, there are significant concerns surrounding economic well-being in retirement. The two major components of the U.S retirement income system, Social Security and employer-sponsored retirement plans, have undergone significant changes that erode financial security in retirement. Working longer has been proposed to help older adults overcome deficits in retirement income. However, even when motivated to work, many older adults face significant challenges in the labor market, particularly those who are unemployed or displaced. In the current study, secondary data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is used to identify demographic and contextual factors associated with unemployment, displacement, and reemployment (among those who are displaced at Time 2) among older adults. Logistic regression is used to examine the influence of race/ethnicity, gender, education, relationship status, health status, income status, geographical location, eligibility for retirement/age, and sector of employment on unemployment, displacement, and reemployment. Results suggest being of an “other” race, being married, being in fair to poor health, and having household income below the poverty threshold increased the odds of employed while being previously employed in the service sector reduced the odds of unemployment. All else equal, being African American and living in the West increases the likelihood of displacement among older adults while being female, living in poverty, and being eligible for retirement (aged 62 and older) reduces an older adult’s chances of being displaced. Finally, all else equal, being African American, living in the Northeast, and being eligible for retirement (aged 62 and older) reduced the likelihood reemployment at Time 2. The major implications of these findings for research, policy, and practice are discussed.
dc.format.extent 98 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Social work
dc.subject.other Gerontology
dc.title Who’s in, who’s out: a descriptive analysis of demographic and contextual factors related to labor force participation among older adults
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. School of Social Work
etdms.degree.discipline Social Work
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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