Patterns of alcohol consumption and psychological distress: an examination of the prevalence and the relation among

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dc.contributor Crowther, Martha R.
dc.contributor Robinson, Michael
dc.contributor.advisor Kim, Giyeon
dc.contributor.author Bryant, Ami
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T16:25:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T16:25:45Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000891
dc.identifier.other Bryant_alatus_0004M_10963
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/1388
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract The differences in psychological distress among older adults of varying racial/ethnic backgrounds, varying alcohol consumption patterns, and the interaction between these variables were examined. Data were obtained from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). Participants aged 60 and older who were not missing data on any of the study variables were included (n= 19,925). The racial/ethnic composition of the sample was 82% White, 4% Black, 8% Asian, 1% American Indian/ Alaska Native, and 5% Latino. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted in order to test the main effects of race/ethnicity, past year alcohol consumption, frequency of binge drinking, and the interaction of race/ethnicity with the alcohol consumption variables. Main effects for race/ethnicity indicating that Blacks and Asians experienced significantly less psychological distress than Whites were found. A significant main effect was also found for frequency of binge drinking indicating that an increased frequency of binge drinking significantly predicted an increase in psychological distress. These results indicate that older adults of certain racial/ethnic groups may be less vulnerable to psychological distress as compared to Whites. The results also indicate that older adults who binge drink more frequently may experience increased levels of psychological distress which provides further evidence for the negative effects of binge drinking on the mental health of this age group. These results indicate that the development of binge drinking interventions for older adults may be an important step in improving the mental health of this age group.
dc.format.extent 49 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Clinical psychology
dc.subject.other Gerontology
dc.title Patterns of alcohol consumption and psychological distress: an examination of the prevalence and the relation among
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Psychology
etdms.degree.discipline Psychology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level master's
etdms.degree.name M.A.


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