Sensitivity and Discovery Potential of the Proposed nEXO Experiment to Neutrinoless Double-β Decay


The next-generation Enriched Xenon Observatory (nEXO) is a proposed experiment to search for neutrinoless double-β (0νββ) decay in ¹³⁶Xe with a target half-life sensitivity of approximately 10²⁸ yr using 5 × 10³ kg of isotopically enriched liquid-xenon in a time projection chamber. This improvement of two orders of magnitude in sensitivity over current limits is obtained by a significant increase of the ¹³⁶Xe mass, the monolithic and homogeneous configuration of the active medium, and the multiparameter measurements of the interactions enabled by the time projection chamber. The detector concept and anticipated performance are presented based upon demonstrated realizable background rates.

Neutrinoless double beta decay, Neutrinos, 90 ≤ A ≤ 149, Monte Carlo methods, Spectrometers & spectroscopic techniques, Time-projection chambers