Social influences on autonomic arousal in autism spectrum disorders

dc.contributorBarber, Angela B.
dc.contributorScofield, Jason M.
dc.contributorHay-McCutcheon, Marcia
dc.contributorSaffo, Rachel W.
dc.contributor.advisorBuhr, Anthony P.
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Carolyn Kate
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-01T17:36:38Z
dc.date.available2017-03-01T17:36:38Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.descriptionElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to gain new understanding of autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction in familiar and unfamiliar social situations in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Both Children with ASD and typically developing peers viewed three sets of stimuli on a computer screen: 1) a screensaver (initial and final baseline), 2) objects moving to music (attention), and 3) narratives produced by both a caregiver and a stranger (familiar and unfamiliar social situations). Physiological measures of heart rate and skin conductance were acquired to assess ANS functioning. It was expected that 1) ANS activity would differ between children with ASD and typically developing peers at baseline, 2) differences in ANS activity between the two groups would be greater in the attention vs. the baseline task, and 3) differences in ANS activity between the two groups would be greater in the unfamiliar vs. the familiar tasks. Results showed that sympathetic, but not parasympathetic, arousal was greater for children with ASD as compared to typically developing children, but these measures did not differ across tasks. Results are interpreted to suggest that children with ASD perceived the experimental conditions as more challenging as compared to children who are typically developing.en_US
dc.format.extent65 p.
dc.format.mediumelectronic
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.otheru0015_0000001_0002071
dc.identifier.otherTurner_alatus_0004M_11917
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/2458
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.hasversionborn digital
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.rightsAll rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.en_US
dc.subjectSpeech therapy
dc.titleSocial influences on autonomic arousal in autism spectrum disordersen_US
dc.typethesis
dc.typetext
etdms.degree.departmentUniversity of Alabama. Department of Communicative Disorders
etdms.degree.disciplineSpeech Language Pathology
etdms.degree.grantorThe University of Alabama
etdms.degree.levelmaster's
etdms.degree.nameM.S.
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
file_1.pdf
Size:
37.61 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format