Conjugated Polymer Controlled Morphology and Charge Transport of Small-Molecule Organic Semiconductors

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Date
2020
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Nature Portfolio
Abstract

In this study, we report an effective approach to tune the crystallization, microstructure and charge transport of solution-processed organic semiconductors by blending with a conjugated polymer additive poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). When 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene (TIPS pentacene) was used as a model semiconductor material to mix with different amount of P3HT, their intermolecular interactions led to distinctive TIPS pentacene film morphologies, including randomly-oriented crystal ribbons, elongated needles with enhanced long-range order, and grasslike curved microwires with interlinkages. Each type of morphology was found to further correlate to considerably different charge transport and device performance. As compared to pristine TIPS pentacene devices, bottom-gate, top-contact OTFTs with 2% in weight P3HT additive showed a 2-fold and 5-fold improvement of average field-effect mobility and performance consistency (defined as the ratio of average mobility to the standard deviation), respectively. The improvement in transistor electrical performance can be attributed to the combined effect of enhanced crystal orientation and uniformity, as well as increased areal coverage. This work can be applied beyond the particular example demonstrated in this study and to tune the charge transport of other small-molecule organic semiconductors in general.

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Keywords
THIN-FILM TRANSISTORS, TIPS-PENTACENE, HIGH-PERFORMANCE, CRYSTAL-GROWTH, IMPROVING PERFORMANCE, BLENDS, POLYMORPHISM, MOBILITY, ORDER, Multidisciplinary Sciences
Citation
He, Z., Zhang, Z., Bi, S., Chen, J., & Li, D. (2020). Conjugated Polymer Controlled Morphology and Charge Transport of Small-Molecule Organic Semiconductors. In Scientific Reports (Vol. 10, Issue 1). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61282-x