The Evolution of the Spirit: the Salem Camp Meeting, 1824-2022

dc.contributorRiches, Daniel
dc.contributorMixson, James
dc.contributorHuebner, Andrew
dc.contributorAvery-Quinn, Samuel
dc.contributor.advisorGiggie, John
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Kristofer Grant
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.descriptionElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.description.abstractAmidst the Second Great Awakening of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a new form of Protestant revivalism known as the camp meeting was born. Camp meetings were held in rural locations and brought hundreds of people from a variety of denominational backgrounds together for days and sometimes weeks of outdoor worship services. By the 1820s, the American camp meeting was most strongly associated with the Methodist Episcopal Church, a denomination that grew rapidly during the early nineteenth century largely as a result of camp meeting evangelism. The phenomenon became particularly popular in the American South as rural lands were opened to white settlement. By the dawn of the Civil War, however, the growth and development of rural areas where camp meetings were held resulted in a significant decline in the number and frequency of these gatherings. The decline of the camp meeting after the Civil War has led many historians to conclude that while the southern camp meeting was a significant feature of the early-nineteenth-century South, it was limited to a particular era in American religious history.This study of the Salem Camp Meeting in Covington, Georgia challenges the view that camp meetings were limited to a particular era by analyzing the continued history of one of the South's oldest and largest camp meetings. First held in 1824, Salem responded to changing landscapes, denominational expectations, and social realities by evolving into new forms that fit within the larger social environment of the South. Foremost among the driving forces behind Salem's evolution was a commitment to white social values, values that were reenforced after the Civil War, challenged during the late twentieth century, and ultimately modified by the turn of the twenty-first century. This dissertation analyzes Salem's interactions with larger social forces, the ways in which the camp meeting responded to outside change, and the ways in which Salem has been able to navigate changes within southern society for nearly two centuries.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.hasversionborn digital
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.rightsAll rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.en_US
dc.subjectLost Cause
dc.titleThe Evolution of the Spirit: the Salem Camp Meeting, 1824-2022en_US
dc.typetext of Alabama. Department of History history University of Alabama
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