HVAC control loop performance assessment: A critical review (1587-RP)
This article presents a comprehensive review of control loop performance assessments in the context of building HVAC controls. Few studies are available for assessing HVAC control loop performance using a single control quality factor. A control quality factor should be an objective and quantitative metric with simple-to-interpret criteria and should only use data available from the actual control system, such as the control output. The authors systematically reviewed 34 indices and the associated methods of evaluating control loop performance and cataloged the drawbacks and merits of the different indices. Most of these performance assessment indices are currently used in process control industry applications. There were 14 of the 34 indices selected for further review, due to their particular suitability for implementation in HVAC control loop performance assessment. Finally, the selected 14 indices are implemented for assessments of three regulatory control loops with proportional-integral controllers: a heating coil outlet air temperature control loop and variable air volume room air temperature control loop using simulated data from a dynamic Modelica model, and variable air volume room air temperature control loop in a heating mode from real field data. Based on the review and preliminary results, the Normalized Harris Index and exponentially weighted moving averages based index are proposed as potential candidates for control quality factor, and further investigation of the use of them in HVAC control loop performance assessment is recommended.