Effect of intermittent cooling on baseball pitching and catching

dc.contributorWingo, Jonathan E.
dc.contributorHodges, Gary J.
dc.contributorRichardson, Mark T.
dc.contributorHigginbotham, John C.
dc.contributor.advisorBishop, Phillip A.
dc.contributor.authorBishop, Stacy Howard
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-01T16:26:53Z
dc.date.available2017-03-01T16:26:53Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.descriptionElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.description.abstractCryotherapy has been shown to be an effective method for reducing edema and inflammation, decreasing pain in acute injury, and is being studied as an aid in recovery. The traditional recovery treatment between innings for pitchers and catchers is to rest in the dugout. In this study, pitchers (n = 8) threw two simulated games separated by 5-7 days for recovery. Participants were given 4 min of intermittent arm and shoulder cooling treatment (AC) or no cooling (NC) in between each of 5-simulated innings. Pitchers that received NC had a significant decrease in velocity over the 5 innings (4%); by contrast, pitchers that received AC maintained pitching velocity (p = 0.04) (all-innings mean velocity 31.2 ± 2.1 m*s−1 versus 30.6 ± 2.2 m*s−1). Average pitch speed in the 4th inning and 5th inning was significantly faster for AC (31.3 ± 2 m*s−1 and 31.3 ± 2 m*s−1) compared to NC (30 ± 2 m*s−1 and 30.4 ± 2 m*s−1, p= 0.04), respectively. Additionally, AC resulted in significantly lower perceived exertion (RPE) (p = 0.01) and improved perceived recovery (PRS) (p = 0.01) compared to NC in a temperate environment. In catchers (n = 6), torso cooling (TC) resulted in a significantly lower RPE (p = 0.01) and improved PRS (p = 0.01) compared to NC. Significantly lower mean recovery HR was seen during the TC treatment compared to NC in the 5th (84 ± 8 vs. 90 ± 9 bpm, p = 0.04), 7th (84 ± 3 vs. 92 ±7 bpm, p = 0.02), and 9th (85 ± 7 vs. 93 ± 5 bpm, p = 0.01) innings. Increase in rectal temperature was smaller in TC compared to NC (0.58 ± 0.20 ºC vs. 0.98 ± 0.20 ºC, p = 0.01). Working HR was significantly lower at the end of the TC when compared to NC (108 ± 16 vs. 120 ± 19 bpm, p = 0.02). Cryotherapy improved recovery during baseball pitching and catching, attenuated a decrease in pitching velocity as well as attenuated core temperature increases in catchers.en_US
dc.format.extent84 p.
dc.format.mediumelectronic
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.otheru0015_0000001_0000930
dc.identifier.otherBishop_alatus_0004D_11123
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/1423
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.hasversionborn digital
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.rightsAll rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.en_US
dc.subjectKinesiology
dc.titleEffect of intermittent cooling on baseball pitching and catchingen_US
dc.typethesis
dc.typetext
etdms.degree.departmentUniversity of Alabama. Department of Kinesiology
etdms.degree.disciplineHuman Performance
etdms.degree.grantorThe University of Alabama
etdms.degree.leveldoctoral
etdms.degree.namePh.D.
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