Advanced characterization of the oxidation behavior of grain refined NiAl

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University of Alabama Libraries

Reactive element doped β-NiAl is one of the most oxidation resistant materials available for high temperature use. It has been extensively studied to create the most adherent, slow growing, and passive layer possible. One recent area of interest is grain refinement, whereby the reduced metal grain size improves mechanical properties, transports reacting elements rapidly to the oxidizing surface, and facilitates the growth of a more adherent scale. This research focused on the effect of substrate grain refinement on the microstructure of its thermally grown oxide, in comparison to the oxide grown on extruded and single crystal NiAl alloys. The oxidation behavior of grain refined materials produced by via sputter deposition, ball milling, and cryomilling was found to vary significantly. Sputter deposition was shown to significantly increase the parabolic steady state oxidation rate constant, while decreasing the length of transient oxidation. Ball milling did not result in an increase in oxidation rate, but did show increased interfacial void formation as a result of the Al2O3 dispersions incorporated during the milling process. Last, cryomilling resulted in an increase in steady state oxidation rate and increased interfacial void formation that was correlated to AlN dispersions incorporated during milling. All three grain refinement methods were found to decrease the oxide grain size approximately three-fold in comparison with the oxide grown on extruded NiAl, though a consistent relationship between oxide grain size and steady state oxidation rate was not observed. This suggests that microstructural features other than substrate and oxide grain size dominate the oxidation behavior.

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Materials science