Riparian vegetation response to streamflow alteration due to dam construction in a range of rivers across the United States

dc.contributorBroadbent, Eben N.
dc.contributorRasaiah, Barbara
dc.contributor.advisorCohen, Sagy
dc.contributor.authorNanayakkara Munasinghe, Dinuke Sashi
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-04T14:57:22Z
dc.date.available2018-06-04T14:57:22Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.descriptionElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.description.abstractHydrologic variability plays a major role in structuring the riparian vegetation within river ecosystems. This study evaluates the spatial and temporal response of riparian vegetation to altered flow regimes below 16 river dams across the contiguous United States using a combination of a holistic Environmental Flow Assessment approach and satellite remote sensing. River flows were characterized using thirty-three (33) different Indicators of Hydrologic Alteration (IHA) using the Range of Variability Approach (RVA). The alterations of riverflows were determined for post-dam scenarios comparing between the pre-dam and post-dam IHAs. Of the 16 locations assessed, 2 showed low levels, 11 moderate and 3 high levels of alteration. Change detection of riparian vegetation revealed an increase at majority of the sites (10 of the 16) immediately after the construction of the dam. Also, in a majority of the locations a decrease (10 of the 16) in vegetation was observed at the 1 year post-dam completion mark. Analyses show that vegetation change effects due to flow regime alterations below smaller dams occurred at shorter time spans (1-year post-completion) than larger dams (5-year post completion). It is inferred that categorizing dams based on capacity was successful in understanding effects on the vegetation extents better. In addition to the in-stream flow paradigm, regional climate and geomorphology are also identified as driving factors of riparian vegetation regulation. The need for a multi-factor model that drives annual changes in riparian zones is recognized to make better-informed decisions on sustainable dam operations.en_US
dc.format.extent72 p.
dc.format.mediumelectronic
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.otheru0015_0000001_0002838
dc.identifier.otherNanayakkaraMunasinghe_alatus_0004M_13358
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/3514
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.hasversionborn digital
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.rightsAll rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.en_US
dc.subjectHydrologic sciences
dc.subjectRemote sensing
dc.titleRiparian vegetation response to streamflow alteration due to dam construction in a range of rivers across the United Statesen_US
dc.typethesis
dc.typetext
etdms.degree.departmentUniversity of Alabama. Department of Geography
etdms.degree.disciplineGeography
etdms.degree.grantorThe University of Alabama
etdms.degree.levelmaster's
etdms.degree.nameM.S.
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