Bacterium E. coli- and phage P22-templated synthesis of semiconductor nanostructures

dc.contributorGupta, Arunava
dc.contributorBakker, Martin G.
dc.contributorBao, Yuping
dc.contributorThompson, Gregory B.
dc.contributorJanowski, Gregg M.
dc.contributor.advisorGupta, Arunava
dc.contributor.authorShen, Liming
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.descriptionElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.description.abstractThe properties of inorganic materials in the nanoscale are found to be size- and shape-dependent due to quantum confinement effects, and thereby nanomaterials possess properties very different from those of single molecules as well as those of bulk materials. Assembling monodispersed nanoparticles into highly ordered hierarchical architectures is expected to generate novel collective properties for potential applications in catalysis, energy, biomedicine, etc. The major challenge in the assembly of nanoparticles lies in the development of controllable synthetic strategies that enable the growth and assembly of nanoparticles with high selectivity and good controllability. Biological matter possesses robust and precisely ordered structures that exist in a large variety of shapes and sizes, providing an ideal platform for synthesizing high-performance nanostructures. The primary goal of this thesis work has been to develop rational synthetic strategies for high-performance nanostructured materials using biological templates, which are difficult to achieve through traditional chemical synthetic methods. These approaches can serve as general bio-inspired approaches for synthesizing nanoparticle assemblies with desired components and architectures. CdS- and TiO_2 -binding peptides have been identified using phage display biopanning technique and the mechanism behind the specific affinity between the selected peptides and inorganic substrates are analyzed. The ZnS- and CdS-binding peptides, identified by the phage display biopanning, are utilized for the selective nucleation and growth of sulfides over self-assembled genetically engineered P22 coat proteins, resulting in ordered nanostructures of sulfide nanocrystal assemblies. The synthetic strategy can be extended to the fabrication of a variety of other nanostructures. A simple sonochemical route for the synthesis and assembly of CdS nanostructures with high yield under ambient conditions has been developed by exploiting the chemical characteristics and structure of permeabilized E. coli bacteria. The crystal phase, morphology, micro/nanostructure, optical absorption, and photocatalytic properties of the CdS nanostructures are tailored over a wide range by merely changing the synthetic conditions. Photoanodes fabricated using the nanoporous hollow CdS microrods exhibit excellent performance for the photocatalytic hydrogen production. This facile approach has been extended to the synthesis and assembly of other semiconducting sulfides, including PbS, ZnS, and HgS.en_US
dc.format.extent125 p.
dc.publisherUniversity of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.hasversionborn digital
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.rightsAll rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.en_US
dc.subjectMaterials science
dc.titleBacterium E. coli- and phage P22-templated synthesis of semiconductor nanostructuresen_US
dc.typetext of Alabama. Department of Physics and Astronomy Science University of Alabama
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