School counselors, NDEA, and school desegregation in Alabama: the evolution of a profession

dc.contributorRosiek, Jerry
dc.contributorAtkinson, Becky M.
dc.contributorUrban, Wayne J.
dc.contributorSatcher, Jamie
dc.contributor.advisorPetrovic, John E.
dc.contributor.authorGivens, Mary Burke
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.descriptionElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.description.abstractAfter the Soviet Union launched Sputnik in 1957, Congress funded the National Defense Education Act of 1958 (NDEA) which created school counselor training institutes throughout the country in order to identify highly talented students, especially in the sciences, mathematics, and foreign languages. The National Defense Counseling and Guidance Training Institutes greatly increased the number of school counselors, especially in the Southern states, and also coincided with the desegregation of Southern schools. Along with the involvement of the federal government in funding higher education preparation, was the rise of standardized testing employed in the selection and separation of students. This project investigates the relationship between the NDEA, school counselors and whether or not the NDEA helped shaped an institutional identity of school counseling that interfered with equal educational opportunity (EEO) for African American students in public schools in the South. It is a qualitative study relying on historical documents and interviews of counselors, and counselor educators.en_US
dc.format.extent222 p.
dc.publisherUniversity of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.hasversionborn digital
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.rightsAll rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.en_US
dc.subjectCounseling psychology
dc.subjectSchool counseling
dc.subjectHistory of education
dc.titleSchool counselors, NDEA, and school desegregation in Alabama: the evolution of a professionen_US
dc.typetext of Alabama. Department of Educational Leadership, Policy, and Technology Studies Research University of Alabama
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