Measurement of neutrino oscillation with KamLAND: Evidence of spectral distortion


We present results of a study of neutrino oscillation based on a 766 ton/year exposure of KamLAND to reactor antineutrinos. We observe 258 (nu) over bar (e) candidate events with energies above 3.4 MeV compared to 365.2+/-23.7 events expected in the absence of neutrino oscillation. Accounting for 17.8+/-7.3 expected background events, the statistical significance for reactor (nu) over bar (e) disappearance is 99.998%. The observed energy spectrum disagrees with the expected spectral shape in the absence of neutrino oscillation at 99.6% significance and prefers the distortion expected from (nu) over bar (e) oscillation effects. A two-neutrino oscillation analysis of the KamLAND data gives Deltam(2)=7.9(-0.5)(+0.6)x10(-5) eV(2). A global analysis of data from KamLAND and solar-neutrino experiments yields Deltam(2)=7.9(-0.5)(+0.6)x10(-5) eV(2) and tan(2)theta=0.40(-0.07)(+0.10), the most precise determination to date.

ANTINEUTRINO SPECTRA, DECAY, Physics, Multidisciplinary, Physics
Araki, T. (2005): Measurement of Neutrino Oscillation with KamLAND: Evidence of Spectral Distortion. Physical Review Letters, 94(8). DOI: