Enhanced spin polarization of conduction electrons in Ni explained by comparison with Cu


The spin-split Fermi-level crossings of the conduction band in Ni are mapped out by high-resolution photoemission and compared to the equivalent crossing in Cu. The area of the quasiparticle peak decreases rapidly below E-F in Ni, but not in Cu. Majority spins have larger spectral weight at E-F than minority spins, thereby enhancing the spin polarization beyond that expected from the density-of-states. A large part of the effect can be traced to a rapid variation of the matrix element with k at the point where the s,p band begins to hybridize with the d(z)(2) state. However, it is quite possible that che intensity drop in Ni is reinforced by a transfer of spectral weight from single-particle to many-electron excitations. The results suggest that the matrix element should he considered for explaining the enhanced spin polarization observed for Ni in spin-polarized tunneling.

MAGNETIC NANOSTRUCTURES, PHOTOEMISSION SPECTRA, BAND-STRUCTURE, SELF-ENERGY, FERROMAGNETS, NICKEL, SURFACE, METAL, Materials Science, Multidisciplinary, Physics, Applied, Physics, Condensed Matter, Materials Science, Physics
Altmann, K., et al. (2000): Enhanced Spin Polarization of Conduction Electrons in Ni Explained by Comparison with Cu. Physical Review B, 61(23). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.61.15661