Shear transport far from equilibrium via holography

dc.contributor.authorWondrak, Michael F.
dc.contributor.authorKaminski, Matthias
dc.contributor.authorBleicher, Marcus
dc.contributor.otherGoethe University Frankfurt
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.contributor.otherHelmholtz Association
dc.contributor.otherGSI Helmholtz-Center for Heavy Ion Research
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-02T15:23:37Z
dc.date.available2022-08-02T15:23:37Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.description.abstractIn heavy-ion collisions, the quark-gluon plasma is produced far from equilibrium. This regime is currently inaccessible by direct quantum chromodynamics (QCD) computations. In a holographic context, we propose a general method to characterize transport properties based on well-defined two-point functions. We calculate shear transport and entropy far from equilibrium, defining a time-dependent ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density, \(\eta /s\). Large deviations from its near-equilibrium value \(1/4\pi \), up to a factor of 2.5, are found for realistic situations at the Large Hadron Collider. We predict the far-from-equilibrium time-dependence of \(\eta /s\) to substantially affect the evolution of the QCD plasma and to impact the extraction of QCD properties from flow coefficients in heavy-ion collision data.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationWondrak, M. F., Kaminski, M., & Bleicher, M. (2020). Shear transport far from equilibrium via holography. In Physics Letters B (Vol. 811, p. 135973). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2020.135973
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.physletb.2020.135973
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2926-642X
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/9335
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.subjecteta/s
dc.subjectFar from equilibrium
dc.subjectHeavy-ion collisions
dc.subjectHolography
dc.subjectShear viscosity
dc.subjectQUARK-GLUON PLASMA
dc.subjectVISCOSITY
dc.subjectHYDRODYNAMICS
dc.subjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
dc.subjectPhysics, Nuclear
dc.subjectPhysics, Particles & Fields
dc.subjectPhysics
dc.titleShear transport far from equilibrium via holographyen_US
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
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