The effects of a campus-wide student employment program on securing full-time employment, salary, and job satisfaction after graduation
This study examined the effect of working in a comprehensive on-campus student employment program on three post-graduation outcomes: ability to secure employment, salary, and job satisfaction. Previous research has not examined the impact of an employment program in which almost all students participate and in which students are expected to achieve stated learning outcomes and advance to positions of increasing responsibility. Additionally, previous research has relied on self-reported estimates of students’ weekly work hours and not accurate institutional data. This study used official data from an institution which operates such a program. Bivariate tests and regression models were used to determine the effect of total work hours, work hours related to academic fields, and work hours in positions of high-level responsibility on the three outcomes. Regression was also used to determine the effect of high-level work hours on three subgroups of the sample: non-white graduates, graduates with estimated family contribution amounts less than half the study site’s net price, and graduates from the humanities and social sciences fields. Total work hours were not shown to have an effect on the outcomes. Related and high-level work hours were found to have a bivariate relationship only with the ability to secure employment, but neither variable was found to have a significant bivariate relationship with salary or job satisfaction, and neither variable was found to have a significant relationship with securing employment when tested with other variables in the regressions. In light of these results, study limitations are discussed and future research recommendations are provided.