Computation of Cigarette Smoke Exposure Metrics From Breathing

Abstract

Traditional metrics of smoke exposure in cigarette smokers are derived either from self-report, biomarkers, or puff topography. Methods involving biomarkers measure concentrations of nicotine, nicotine metabolites, or carbon monoxide. Puff-topography methods employ portable instruments to measure puff count, puff volume, puff duration, and inter-puff interval. In this article, we propose smoke exposure metrics calculated from the breathing signal and describe a novel algorithm for the computation of these metrics. The Personal Automatic Cigarette Tracker v2 (PACT-2) sensors, puff topography devices (CReSS), and video observation were used in a study of 38 moderate to heavy smokers in a controlled environment. Parameters of smoke inhalation including the start and end of each puff, inhale and exhale cycle, and smoke holding were computed from the breathing signal. From these, the traditional metrics of puff duration, inhale-exhale cycle duration, smoke holding duration, inter-puff interval, and novel Respiratory Smoke Exposure Metrics (RSEMs) such as inhale-exhale cycle volume, and inhale-exhale volume over time were calculated. The proposed RSEM algorithm to extract smoke exposure metrics named generated interclass correlations (ICCs) of 0.85 and 0.87 and Pearson's correlations of 0.97 and 0.77 with video observation and CReSS, respectively, for puff duration. Similarly, for the inhale-exhale duration, an ICC of 0.84 and Pearson's correlation of 0.81 was obtained with video observation. The RSEMs provided measures previously unavailable in research that are proportional to the depth and duration of smoke inhalation. The results suggest that the breathing signal may be used to compute smoke exposure metrics.

Description
Keywords
Calibration, Surfaces, Biomarkers, Wearable sensors, Breathing signal analysis, cigarette smoking, respiratory inductive plethysmography, smoke exposure, smoking topography, RESPIRATORY INDUCTIVE PLETHYSMOGRAPHY, TOBACCO, BIOMARKERS, VALIDITY, BEHAVIOR, Engineering, Biomedical
Citation
Belsare, P., Senyurek, V. Y., Imtiaz, M. H., Tiffany, S., & Sazonov, E. (2020). Computation of Cigarette Smoke Exposure Metrics From Breathing. In IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering (Vol. 67, Issue 8, pp. 2309–2316). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/tbme.2019.2958843