An Analysis of the Effect of Hurricanes on Economic Growth and Labor Market Outcomes

dc.contributorJohnson, Erik
dc.contributorCassidy, Traviss
dc.contributorKim, Byung
dc.contributorPowell, Lawrence
dc.contributor.advisorRoss, Amanda
dc.contributor.authorGoulbourne, Rushaine Demar
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-23T14:34:07Z
dc.date.available2021-11-23T14:34:07Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.descriptionElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.description.abstractHurricanes pose a significant threat to life and property in coastal regions across the Caribbean and the United States. Within the United States, the south coast faces an annual threat in locations that house major economic centers. The disruption in these regions can have far reaching consequences for both individuals and firms who are impacted. For the Caribbean region, the recurrence of hurricanes causes recovery from disasters to be an on-going process. This limits the extent to which these countries can grow economically. In this dissertation I aim to explore the effects of hurricanes on economic agents with the intent of impacting future policy discussions. Chapter 1 investigates the impact of hurricanes on wage and employment growth. I utilize a model of wind intensity to measure the strength of hurricanes within each Florida county. By using a measurement technique that accounts for hurricane intensity variation over time, the results reveal a less severe effect on both wage and employment growth than previously reported. In many respects, the literature supports the notion that hurricanes affect labor markets through labor supply. My results present evidence that suggests labor demand plays as much a role in post disaster labor markets outcomes as does labor supply. As a novel contribution to the literature, I further test this result by using propensity score matching while accounting for the probability of each county to experience a hurricane. My results suggest that hurricanes depress not only employment growth but in fact both employment and wage growth in affected counties. Chapter 2 explores the implications of hurricanes for economic growth in the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) of the Caribbean region. Particularly, I examine the recurrent nature of hurricanes which creates a difficult environment for economic growth to take place.The results of this study finds support for the negative impact of hurricanes on growth. Additionally, the experience of successive hurricane seasons with hurricane strikes contrary to expectations, does not contribute further to the negative impact of the initial hurricane effect in the Caribbean region. Reasons for this are discussed. Countries that experience a gap between hurricanes enjoy better growth outcomes than countries that do not have similar experiences. The findings of this study shines light on the difficulty small islands face to prepare for hurricanes while being in a state of recovery.en_US
dc.format.mediumelectronic
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.otherhttp://purl.lib.ua.edu/181484
dc.identifier.otheru0015_0000001_0003923
dc.identifier.otherGoulbourne_alatus_0004D_14621
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/8155
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.hasversionborn digital
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartofThe University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.rightsAll rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.en_US
dc.subjectEmployment
dc.subjectGrowth
dc.subjectHurricanes
dc.subjectMatching
dc.subjectWages
dc.subjectWind field
dc.titleAn Analysis of the Effect of Hurricanes on Economic Growth and Labor Market Outcomesen_US
dc.typethesis
dc.typetext
etdms.degree.departmentUniversity of Alabama. Department of Economics, Finance, and Legal Studies
etdms.degree.disciplineEconomics
etdms.degree.grantorThe University of Alabama
etdms.degree.leveldoctoral
etdms.degree.namePh.D.
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