Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Bibliometric Analysis

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JMIR Publications

Background: As a critical driving power to promote health care, the health care-related artificial intelligence (AI) literature is growing rapidly. Objective: The purpose of this analysis is to provide a dynamic and longitudinal bibliometric analysis of health care-related AI publications. Methods: The Web of Science (Clarivate PLC) was searched to retrieve all existing and highly cited AI-related health care research papers published in English up to December 2019. Based on bibliometric indicators, a search strategy was developed to screen the title for eligibility, using the abstract and full text where needed. The growth rate of publications, characteristics of research activities, publication patterns, and research hotspot tendencies were computed using the HistCite software. Results: The search identified 5235 hits, of which 1473 publications were included in the analyses. Publication output increased an average of 17.02% per year since 1995, but the growth rate of research papers significantly increased to 45.15% from 2014 to 2019. The major health problems studied in AI research are cancer, depression, Alzheimer disease, heart failure, and diabetes. Artificial neural networks, support vector machines, and convolutional neural networks have the highest impact on health care. Nucleosides, convolutional neural networks, and tumor markers have remained research hotspots through 2019. Conclusions: This analysis provides a comprehensive overview of the AI-related research conducted in the field of health care, which helps researchers, policy makers, and practitioners better understand the development of health care-related AI research and possible practice implications. Future AI research should be dedicated to filling in the gaps between AI health care research and clinical applications.

health care, artificial intelligence, bibliometric analysis, telehealth, neural networks, machine learning, DISEASE, MEDICINE, SUPPORT, CANCER, RISK, Health Care Sciences & Services, Medical Informatics
Guo, Y., Hao, Z., Zhao, S., Gong, J., & Yang, F. (2020). Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Bibliometric Analysis. In Journal of Medical Internet Research (Vol. 22, Issue 7, p. e18228). JMIR Publications Inc.