Spitzer Space Telescope observations of G dwarfs in the Pleiades: Circumstellar debris disks at 100 Myr age


Fluxes and upper limits in the wavelength range from 3.6 to 70 mu m from the Spitzer Space Telescope are provided for 20 solar-mass Pleiades members. One of these stars shows a probable mid-IR excess, and two others have possible excesses, presumably due to circumstellar debris disks. For the star with the largest, most secure excess flux at MIPS (Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer) wavelengths, HII 1101, we derive log (L-dust/L-*) similar to -3.8 and an estimated debris disk mass of 4.2 x 10(-5) M-circle plus for an assumed uniform dust grain size of 10 mu m. If the stars with detected excesses are interpreted as stars with relatively recent, large collisional events producing a transient excess of small dust particles, the frequency of such disk transients is similar to 10% for our similar to 100 Myr, Pleiades G dwarf sample. For the stars without detected 24-70 mu m excesses, the upper limits to their fluxes correspond to approximate 3 sigma upper limits to their disk masses of 6 x 10(-6) M-circle plus using the MIPS 24 mu m upper limit or 2 x 10(-4) M-circle plus using the MIPS 70 mu m limit. These upper limit disk masses (for "warm" and "cold" dust, respectively) are roughly consistent with, but somewhat lower than, predictions of a heuristic model for the evolution of an "average" solar-mass star's debris disk based on extrapolation backward in time from current properties of the Sun's Kuiper Belt.

open clusters and associations : individual (Pleiades), stars : low-mass, brown dwarfs, LOW-MASS STARS, YOUNG OPEN CLUSTERS, SOLAR-TYPE STARS, T-TAURI STARS, ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES, OB ASSOCIATION, LITHIUM DEPLETION, MAIN-SEQUENCE, DUSTY DEBRIS, EVOLUTION, Astronomy & Astrophysics
Stauffer, J., et al. (2005): Spitzer Space Telescope Observations of G Dwarfs in the Pleiades: Circumstellar Debris Disks at 100 Myr Age. The Astronomical Journal, 130(4). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/444420