Effectiveness of Combined Smartwatch and Social Media Intervention on Breast Cancer Survivor Health Outcomes: A 10-Week Pilot Randomized Trial

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Date
2018
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract

Physical activity (PA) among breast cancer survivors (BCS) can improve this population's health and quality of life (QoL). This study evaluated the effectiveness of a combined smartwatchand social media-based health education intervention on BCS's health outcomes. Thirty BCS (X-age = 52.6 +/- 9.3 years; (X) over bar (Wt) = 80.2 +/- 19.6 kg) participated in this 10-week, 2-arm randomized trial, with BCS randomized into: (1) experimental group (n = 16): received Polar M400 smartwatches for daily PA tracking and joined a Facebook group wherein Social Cognitive Theory-related PA tips were provided twice weekly; and (2) comparison group (n = 14): only joined separate, but content-identical Facebook group. Outcomes included PA, physiological, psychosocial, and QoL variables. Specifically, PA and energy expenditure (EE) was assessed by ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometers while physiological, psychosocial, and QoL were examined via validated instruments at baseline and post-intervention. No baseline group differences were observed for any variable. Ten BCS dropped out of the study (experimental: 4; comparison: 6). Compared to completers, dropouts differed significantly on several outcomes. Thus, a per-protocol analysis was performed, revealing significant group differences for changes in social support (t = -2.1, p = 0.05) and barriers (t = -2.2, p = 0.04). Interestingly, the comparison group demonstrated improvements for both variables while the intervention group demonstrated slightly decreased social support and no change in barriers. Notably, both groups demonstrated similarly increased daily light PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, EE, and steps of 7.7 min, 5.1 min, 25.1 kcals, and 339 steps, respectively, over time. Despite extensive user training, several experimental BCS found the Polar M400 use difficult-possibly decreasing intervention adherence. Future interventions should utilize simpler smartwatches to promote PA among middle-aged clinical/non-clinical populations.

Description
Keywords
physical activity, quality of life, social cognitive theory, wearable technology, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY INTERVENTION, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, SELF-EFFICACY, EXERCISE, FITBIT, RELIABILITY, TECHNOLOGY, RECURRENCE, OVERWEIGHT, SEDENTARY, Medicine, General & Internal
Citation
Pope, Z., Zeng, N., Zhang, R., Lee, H., & Gao, Z. (2018). Effectiveness of Combined Smartwatch and Social Media Intervention on Breast Cancer Survivor Health Outcomes: A 10-Week Pilot Randomized Trial. In Journal of Clinical Medicine (Vol. 7, Issue 6, p. 140). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7060140