Microwave imaging for watermelon maturity determination

Abstract

Microwave imaging technology is a useful method often applied in medical diagnosis and can be used by the food industry to ensure food safety and quality. For fruit, ripeness is the primary characteristic which determines quality for the consumer. This paper proposes a novel microwave imaging system to determine the ripeness of watermelon as a proof of concept. The design employs a circular array with 10 Coplanar Vivaldi antennas offering wide bandwidth, high gain, and high efficiency. S-parameters between antennas are collected quickly via automated channel switching for fast image generation. Eight different watermelon samples of varying ripeness, type, dimensions, and origin are scanned and imaged. Comparisons with sample cross-sections show distinct differences in image characteristics based on watermelon maturity. Sugar concentration of unripe and ripe watermelon is also measured and plotted for further validation of the imaging technique.

Description
Keywords
Food quality, Microwave imaging, Vivaldi antenna, Watermelon, Maturity, Ripeness, QUALITY, Food Science & Technology
Citation
Garvin, J., Abushakra, F., Choffin, Z., Shiver, B., Gan, Y., Kong, L., & Jeong, N. (2023). Microwave imaging for watermelon maturity determination. In Current Research in Food Science (Vol. 6, p. 100412). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crfs.2022.100412