Chiral hydrodynamics in strong external magnetic fields

dc.contributor.authorAmmon, Martin
dc.contributor.authorGrieninger, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Juan
dc.contributor.authorKaminski, Matthias
dc.contributor.authorKoirala, Roshan
dc.contributor.authorLeiber, Julian
dc.contributor.authorWu, Jackson
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-02T15:11:31Z
dc.date.available2022-08-02T15:11:31Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.description.abstractWe construct the general hydrodynamic description of (3+1)-dimensional chiral charged (quantum) fluids subject to a strong external magnetic field with effective field theory methods. We determine the constitutive equations for the energy-momentum tensor and the axial charge current, in part from a generating functional. Furthermore, we derive the Kubo formulas which relate two-point functions of the energy-momentum tensor and charge current to 27 transport coefficients: 8 independent thermodynamic, 4 independent non-dissipative hydrodynamic, and 10 independent dissipative hydrodynamic transport coefficients. Five Onsager relations render 5 more transport coefficients dependent. We uncover four novel transport effects, which are encoded in what we call the shear-induced conductivity, the two expansion-induced longitudinal conductivities and the shear-induced Hall conductivity. Remarkably, the shear-induced Hall conductivity constitutes a novel non-dissipative transport effect. As a demonstration, we compute all transport coefficients explicitly in a strongly coupled quantum fluid via holography.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationAmmon, M., Grieninger, S., Hernandez, J., Kaminski, M., Koirala, R., Leiber, J., & Wu, J. (2021). Chiral hydrodynamics in strong external magnetic fields. In Journal of High Energy Physics (Vol. 2021, Issue 4). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep04(2021)078
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/JHEP04(2021)078
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/8695
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses//by/4.0
dc.subjectHigh Energy Physics - Theory
dc.subjectStrongly Correlated Electrons
dc.subjectGeneral Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
dc.subjectNuclear Theory
dc.subjectAdS-CFT Correspondence
dc.subjectEffective Field Theories
dc.subjectHolography and condensed matter physics (AdS/CMT)
dc.subjectHolography and quark-gluon plasmas
dc.titleChiral hydrodynamics in strong external magnetic fieldsen_US
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