Field-Based Performance Tests Are Related to Body Fat Percentage and Fat-Free Mass, But Not Body Mass Index, in Youth Soccer Players

dc.contributor.authorEsco, Michael R.
dc.contributor.authorFedewa, Michael, V
dc.contributor.authorCicone, Zackary S.
dc.contributor.authorSinelnikov, Oleg A.
dc.contributor.authorSekulic, Damir
dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Clifton J.
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Split
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-28T19:38:10Z
dc.date.available2023-09-28T19:38:10Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.description.abstractThe primary aim of this study was to determine the association between body composition and performance outcomes in youth soccer players. Twenty-five competitive male youth soccer players (age = 13.7 +/- 0.8 years, height = 167.4 +/- 9.7 cm, weight = 57.6 +/- 12.1 kg) volunteered to participate in this study. Height and weight were used to calculate body mass index (BMI). Body fat percentage (BF%) and fat-free mass (FFM) were determined with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Each athlete performed the Pacer test, vertical jump, and t-test drill. Participants were predominantly normal weight (20.4 +/- 2.7 kg.m(-2)). The body composition results were 20.3 +/- 4.9% for BF% and 46.5 +/- 8.7 kg for FFM. The results of the performance tests indicated a mean standard deviation (SD) of 1418 +/- 332 m for Pacer, 57.2 +/- 7.4 cm for vertical jump, 11.6 +/- 0.7 s for t-test. Body mass index was not associated with any performance measure (r = 0.02 to -0.21, all p > 0.05). Body fat percentage was associated with the Pacer, vertical jump, and t-test (r = -0.62, -0.57, 0.61, respectively; all p < 0.01) and remained after accounting for BMI. Fat-free mass was only significantly related to t-test (r = -0.43, p < 0.01). However, after controlling for BMI, FFM was related to all three performance tests. Body fat percentage and FFM are associated with performance in youth soccer players, with stronger relationships reported in the former metric. The findings highlight the need for accurate body composition measurements as part of an assessment battery in young athletes.en_US
dc.format.mediumelectronic
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationEsco, M., Fedewa, M., Cicone, Z., Sinelnikov, O., Sekulic, D., & Holmes, C. (2018). Field-Based Performance Tests Are Related to Body Fat Percentage and Fat-Free Mass, But Not Body Mass Index, in Youth Soccer Players. In Sports (Vol. 6, Issue 4, p. 105). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6040105
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/sports6040105
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8022-7886
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2055-863X
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/11649
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectperformance
dc.subjectsoccer
dc.subjectyouth athletes
dc.subjectbody composition
dc.subjectPHYSICAL-FITNESS
dc.subjectSTRENGTH
dc.subjectAGILITY
dc.subjectTRAINABILITY
dc.subjectPREDICTORS
dc.subjectADOLESCENT
dc.subjectLEVEL
dc.subjectTIME
dc.subjectSport Sciences
dc.titleField-Based Performance Tests Are Related to Body Fat Percentage and Fat-Free Mass, But Not Body Mass Index, in Youth Soccer Playersen_US
dc.typeArticle
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