The Secession Movement in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama

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The secession movement in Alabama has been studied in considerable detail, both in a special state monograph and in various treatments of the secession movement in the South. Despite the intensive study already devoted to the movement, there remain many puzzling or even contradictory pieces of evidence. In order to scrutinize more closely the actual details of the election for delegates to the Alabama secession convention, one county is to be the subject of this thesis.

Tuscaloosa County is located in the hill section of Alabama, bordering on the Black Belt. Since in the convention election of 1860 the Black Belt counties selected Secessionist delegates, while the hill counties selected delegates opposed to immediate secession, Tuscaloosa County is a significant borderland wherein detailed analysis may throw considerable light on the differing attitudes of Alabamians toward withdrawing from the Union.