Gender, Emotion Work, and Relationship Quality: A Daily Diary Study

dc.contributor.authorCurran, Melissa A.
dc.contributor.authorMcDaniel, Brandon T.
dc.contributor.authorPollitt, Amanda M.
dc.contributor.authorTotenhagen, Casey J.
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Arizona
dc.contributor.otherPennsylvania State University
dc.contributor.otherPennsylvania State University - University Park
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-28T20:53:19Z
dc.date.available2023-09-28T20:53:19Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.description.abstractWe use the gender relations perspective from feminist theorizing to investigate how gender and daily emotion work predict daily relationship quality in 74 couples (148 individuals in dating, cohabiting, or married relationships) primarily from the southwest U.S. Emotion work is characterized by activities that enhance others' emotional well-being. We examined emotion work two ways: trait (individuals' average levels) and state (individuals' daily fluctuations). We examined actor and partner effects of emotion work and tested for gender differences. As outcome variables, we included six types of daily relationship quality: love, commitment, satisfaction, closeness, ambivalence, and conflict. This approach allowed us to predict three aspects of relationship quality: average levels, daily fluctuations, and volatility (overall daily variability across a week). Three patterns emerged. First, emotion work predicted relationship quality in this diverse set of couples. Second, gender differences were minimal for fixed effects: Trait and state emotion work predicted higher average scores on, and positive daily increases in, individuals' own positive relationship quality and lower average ambivalence. Third, gender differences were more robust for volatility: For partner effects, having a partner who reported higher average emotion work predicted lower volatility in love, satisfaction, and closeness for women versus greater volatility in love and commitment for men. Neither gender nor emotion work predicted average levels, daily fluctuations, or volatility in conflict. We discuss implications and future directions pertaining to the unique role of gender in understanding the associations between daily emotion work and volatility in daily relationship quality for relational partners.en_US
dc.format.mediumelectronic
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationCurran, M. A., McDaniel, B. T., Pollitt, A. M., & Totenhagen, C. J. (2015). Gender, Emotion Work, and Relationship Quality: A Daily Diary Study. In Sex Roles (Vol. 73, Issues 3–4, pp. 157–173). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-015-0495-8
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11199-015-0495-8
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5428-2283
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0743-0367
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2652-6030
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/11898
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.subjectGender
dc.subjectEmotion work
dc.subjectRelationship quality
dc.subjectDaily diary
dc.subjectDaily volatility
dc.subjectRELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION
dc.subjectROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS
dc.subjectFAMILY WORK
dc.subjectPERCEPTIONS
dc.subjectIDEOLOGY
dc.subjectMARRIAGE
dc.subjectINTIMACY
dc.subjectSUPPORT
dc.subjectPOWER
dc.subjectFLUCTUATIONS
dc.subjectPsychology, Developmental
dc.subjectPsychology, Social
dc.subjectWomen's Studies
dc.titleGender, Emotion Work, and Relationship Quality: A Daily Diary Studyen_US
dc.typeArticle
dc.typetext
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