Flexible and High Performance Supercapacitors Based on NiCo(2)O(4)for Wide Temperature Range Applications

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Date
2015
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Publisher
Nature Portfolio
Abstract

Binder free nanostructured NiCo2O4 were grown using a facile hydrothermal technique. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the phase purity of NiCo2O4. The surface morphology and microstructure of the NiCo2O4 analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed flower-like morphology composed of needle-like structures. The potential application of binder free NiCo2O4 as an electrode for supercapacitor devices was investigated using electrochemical methods. The cyclic voltammograms of NiCo2O4 electrode using alkaline aqueous electrolytes showed the presence of redox peaks suggesting pseudocapacitance behavior. Quasi-solid state supercapacitor device fabricated by sandwiching two NiCo2O4 electrodes and separating them by ion transporting layer. The performance of the device was tested using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The device showed excellent flexibility and cyclic stability. The temperature dependent charge storage capacity was measured for their variable temperature applications. Specific capacitance of the device was enhanced by similar to 150% on raising the temperature from 20 to 60 degrees C. Hence, the results suggest that NiCo2O4 grown under these conditions could be a suitable material for high performance supercapacitor devices that can be operated at variable temperatures.

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Keywords
HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS, ELECTRODE MATERIALS, NICO2O4 NANOSTRUCTURES, RUO2 NANOPARTICLES, GRAPHENE, ARRAYS, COMPOSITE, NANOWIRES, SHEETS, GROWTH, Multidisciplinary Sciences
Citation
Gupta, R. K., Candler, J., Palchoudhury, S., Ramasamy, K., & Gupta, B. K. (2015). Flexible and High Performance Supercapacitors Based on NiCo2O4for Wide Temperature Range Applications. In Scientific Reports (Vol. 5, Issue 1). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep15265