Biofunctional embodiment of moral development: the impact of affect, moral cognition, maturation and experience playing sports on acceptance of aggression in sports by Italian adolescents

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dc.contributor Houser, Rick
dc.contributor Schumacker, Randall E.
dc.contributor Thoma, Stephen
dc.contributor Vincent, John B.
dc.contributor.advisor Iran-Nejad, Asghar
dc.contributor.author Zengaro, Sally Ann
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T14:37:24Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T14:37:24Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000487
dc.identifier.other Zengaro_alatus_0004D_10572
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/992
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the relationships between moral judgments, affect, moral disengagement, general aggression, and the self-reported attitudes toward the acceptance of aggression in sports among Italian adolescents. Several research questions guided this investigation: 1) Can moral disengagement, maturation, affect, and sports experience predict the acceptance of aggression in sports? 2) Are there significant differences in a model of acceptance of aggression between male and female participants? 3) Are there significant differences in a model of acceptance of aggression between participants in Northern Italy and Southern Italy? Three hundred thirty-two adolescents from two high schools in northern and southern Italy participated in the study. They completed a demographic questionnaire about their age, gender, height, weight, main sport, years they have played their main sport, and the level of competition. They also completed five questionnaires on moral decision-making in sports, moral disengagement, a general aggression scale, a scale measuring positive and negative affect, and the Defining Issues Test-2. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling to identify a model of adolescents who are more likely to approve of sports aggression. The results indicated that the acceptance of sports aggression could be predicted by an integrated model based on the biofunctional modes of constructive and unconstructive functioning. It was found that adolescents who were already in a negative state and who characterized themselves as generally aggressive were more likely to accept sports aggression. Those who participated in sports were more likely to have a positive disposition, which was not a significant factor in accepting sports aggression. The results indicated that participating in sports was not a significant predictor of sports aggression, and it was the adolescents in an unconstructive dispositional mode who were more accepting of aggressive tactics in sports. This dissertation contributes to our understanding of adolescents and their attitudes towards unethical sports behavior and moral decisions.
dc.format.extent 132 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Educational Psychology
dc.title Biofunctional embodiment of moral development: the impact of affect, moral cognition, maturation and experience playing sports on acceptance of aggression in sports by Italian adolescents
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Educational Studies in Psychology, Research Methodology, and Counseling
etdms.degree.discipline Educational Psychology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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