Bacterium E. coli- and phage P22-templated synthesis of semiconductor nanostructures

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dc.contributor Gupta, Arunava
dc.contributor Bakker, Martin G.
dc.contributor Bao, Yuping
dc.contributor Thompson, Gregory B.
dc.contributor Janowski, Gregg M.
dc.contributor.advisor Gupta, Arunava Shen, Liming 2017-03-01T14:37:12Z 2017-03-01T14:37:12Z 2010
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000477
dc.identifier.other Shen_alatus_0004D_10548
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract The properties of inorganic materials in the nanoscale are found to be size- and shape-dependent due to quantum confinement effects, and thereby nanomaterials possess properties very different from those of single molecules as well as those of bulk materials. Assembling monodispersed nanoparticles into highly ordered hierarchical architectures is expected to generate novel collective properties for potential applications in catalysis, energy, biomedicine, etc. The major challenge in the assembly of nanoparticles lies in the development of controllable synthetic strategies that enable the growth and assembly of nanoparticles with high selectivity and good controllability. Biological matter possesses robust and precisely ordered structures that exist in a large variety of shapes and sizes, providing an ideal platform for synthesizing high-performance nanostructures. The primary goal of this thesis work has been to develop rational synthetic strategies for high-performance nanostructured materials using biological templates, which are difficult to achieve through traditional chemical synthetic methods. These approaches can serve as general bio-inspired approaches for synthesizing nanoparticle assemblies with desired components and architectures. CdS- and TiO_2 -binding peptides have been identified using phage display biopanning technique and the mechanism behind the specific affinity between the selected peptides and inorganic substrates are analyzed. The ZnS- and CdS-binding peptides, identified by the phage display biopanning, are utilized for the selective nucleation and growth of sulfides over self-assembled genetically engineered P22 coat proteins, resulting in ordered nanostructures of sulfide nanocrystal assemblies. The synthetic strategy can be extended to the fabrication of a variety of other nanostructures. A simple sonochemical route for the synthesis and assembly of CdS nanostructures with high yield under ambient conditions has been developed by exploiting the chemical characteristics and structure of permeabilized E. coli bacteria. The crystal phase, morphology, micro/nanostructure, optical absorption, and photocatalytic properties of the CdS nanostructures are tailored over a wide range by merely changing the synthetic conditions. Photoanodes fabricated using the nanoporous hollow CdS microrods exhibit excellent performance for the photocatalytic hydrogen production. This facile approach has been extended to the synthesis and assembly of other semiconducting sulfides, including PbS, ZnS, and HgS.
dc.format.extent 125 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Materials Science
dc.subject.other Nanotechnology
dc.title Bacterium E. coli- and phage P22-templated synthesis of semiconductor nanostructures
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Materials Science The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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