Self-Presentation and the Looking-Glass Self: Synergistic Frameworks for Influencing Agreeable Personality States

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dc.contributor Cox, Jennifer M.
dc.contributor Salekin, Randall T.
dc.contributor Xia, Mengya
dc.contributor Clipper, Stephen J.
dc.contributor.advisor Hart, William P. Breeden, Christopher John 2022-09-28T14:54:49Z 2027-09-01 2022
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0004443
dc.identifier.other Breeden_alatus_0004D_14937
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Research suggests that people should be able to intentionally reduce their trait-level antagonism by experiencing more agreeable personality states, but most interventions based in these notions seem rather inefficacious. Prior evidence suggests that people higher in trait-level antagonism might have some social-cognitive barriers that reduce the effectiveness of these interventions. Based in two complementary social-cognitive frameworks (i.e., self-presentation theory; looking-glass self), I theorized that public self-presentation of an agreeable personality-type might circumvent these barriers. To test this theory, participants (N = 378) reported on their levels of trait-level antagonism during a pre-screening session, and then wrote short essays about themselves to intentionally come across as someone with (a) an open personality-type or (b) an agreeable personality-type (self-presentation manipulation). Participants were also misled to believe that their essays would (a) remain private or (b) become available to a clinical graduate student who would diagnose their personality-type (publicity manipulation). Agreeable personality states were captured after the manipulations via self-reported state-level antagonism, agreeableness change goals, and agreeable behavioral intentions. Trait-level antagonism related positively to state-level antagonism and negatively to agreeable behavioral intentions but was unrelated to agreeableness change goals. Additionally, males (relative to females) reported greater trait- and state-level antagonism, lesser agreeableness change goals, and lesser agreeable behavioral intentions. Inconsistent with my theory, no two-way interactive effects of the manipulations nor any three-way self-presentation*publicity*trait-level antagonism effects emerged. Overall, this research suggests that agreeable personality states are difficult to induce via public self-presentation and more work incorporating stronger manipulations is necessary.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.title Self-Presentation and the Looking-Glass Self: Synergistic Frameworks for Influencing Agreeable Personality States
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Psychology Experimental psychology The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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