Analyzing the Internal and External Dimensions of Hope in College Students Attending a Predominantly White Institution

Show simple item record

dc.contributor Preast, June L
dc.contributor Man, Kaiwen
dc.contributor Webb, Alan L
dc.contributor Davis, Tiffany J
dc.contributor.advisor Lawson, Michael A Davis, Sarah Chavada 2022-07-05T20:07:29Z 2022-07-05T20:07:29Z 2022
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0004355
dc.identifier.other Davis_alatus_0004D_14774
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Black people now have more access to college and are increasingly obtaining a greater number of higher education degrees than ever, yet for this racially marginalized group, post-secondary educational attainment success rates still lag behind their peers of other racial-ethnic groups (Snyder et al., 2019). While the higher education literature on college degree attainment shows that Black students earn fewer degrees than their white and Asian peers, little is known about how hope shapes their motivation and persistence toward degree attainment. The purpose of this three-article dissertation was to explore the cultural and contextual factors that shape the hoper experiences of college students, with particular attention to Black students. Data were drawn from a sample of 1,061 college students attending a Predominantly White Institution (PWI) in the Southeastern United States. The first paper in this dissertation features a psychometric study that utilizes Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to validate the Locus of Hope scale. The second empirical paper utilized Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to analyze the relationship between student background characteristics and internal hope profiles. The third and final empirical paper utilized LCA to analyze students external hope profiles as well as their accompanied social-demographic characteristics. When combined, these proposed analytic models, and the diverse conceptualizations of hope they implicate, offer researchers fresh insights into how hope “works” among culturally diverse students attending a PWI. These findings indicate that individual hope experiences vary according to students racial/ethnic background and that those experiences appear to be firmly anchored in students social ecologies and developmental networks (i.e., family, friends, and spirituality). Institutions of higher education can use these findings to better support students’ peer, family, and community ecologies in support of racially marginalized student retention and degree completion.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Black college students
dc.subject.other College student motivations
dc.subject.other Confirmatory factor analysis
dc.subject.other Educational attainment
dc.subject.other Latent class analysis
dc.subject.other Locus of hope
dc.title Analyzing the Internal and External Dimensions of Hope in College Students Attending a Predominantly White Institution
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Educational Studies in Psychology, Research Methodology, and Counseling Higher education The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


My Account