An Unplanned Test of the Anxiety Buffer Disruption Theory of Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms

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dc.contributor.author Elmore, Dean
dc.contributor.author Hamilton, James
dc.contributor.author et al.
dc.contributor.other University of Alabama Tuscaloosa
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-13T13:30:07Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-13T13:30:07Z
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/8362
dc.description Data and Codebook en_US
dc.description.abstract Background and Objectives. Anxiety buffer disruption theory (ABDT) suggests that traumatic events lead to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by dismantling the anxiety-buffering system outlined in terror management theory (TMT). We attempted to test the ABDT using data collected from emerging adults related to their experiences in a severe tornado that struck their general geographic area. Design. The current study employed a longitudinal design, with data collected both before and after the tornado. Methods. Using data collected both before and after the tornado, we tested whether (a) pre-tornado self-esteem or past trauma moderated the effect of tornado exposure on later PTSD symptoms, and (b) whether the relation between level of tornado exposure and subsequent PTSD symptoms was mediated by decreased self-esteem. Results. Consistent with ABDT, we found that both pre-tornado self-esteem and pre-tornado trauma moderated the effects of exposure on PTSD symptoms. However, none of the predicted effects was mediated through pre- to post-tornado changes in self-esteem. Conclusions. The current study provides partial support for the ABDT using prospective data. Additional strengths and limitations of this research with respect to ongoing work on ABDT are discussed. en_US
dc.subject PTSD
dc.subject Terror Management
dc.subject Disaster
dc.subject Tornado
dc.subject Self-Esteem
dc.subject Trauma
dc.title An Unplanned Test of the Anxiety Buffer Disruption Theory of Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms en_US


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