Detecting the Differences in Miranda Abilities Between Individuals with and without Intellectual Disability

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dc.contributor Conners, Frances
dc.contributor Cox, Jennifer
dc.contributor Cribbet, Matthew
dc.contributor Almond, Brad
dc.contributor.advisor Salekin, Karen Erickson, Sydnee 2021-11-23T14:34:51Z 2021-11-23T14:34:51Z 2021
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003981
dc.identifier.other Erickson_alatus_0004D_14599
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Objective: Although Miranda v. Arizona (1966) enacted safeguards for individuals entering custodial situations, existing research suggests that most individuals do not understand these protections. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in Miranda abilities and response styles between a group of individuals with intellectual disability (ID) and a group without ID, which would clarify areas of vulnerability for individuals with ID. Additional goals were to determine if intelligence was an accurate predictor of these abilities, and to assess whether self-rated confidence was related to comprehension of Miranda. Hypotheses: The individuals without ID were expected to demonstrate significantly better Miranda abilities than the individuals with ID. Intelligence, specifically verbal intelligence, was expected to be an accurate predictor of knowledge, recall, acquiescence, and vocabulary. When comparing the two groups, it was hypothesized that confidence would relate to comprehension when controlling for the presence of ID. Method: Sixty-two individuals with ID and 23 individuals without ID completed the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale– 4th ed., the Standard Assessment of Miranda Abilities, and a background questionnaire. Results: The group without ID demonstrated better recall, knowledge, and vocabulary, whereas the ID group demonstrated more acquiescence. Analyses involving intelligence were limited, but intelligence was significantly related to recall, response style, and vocabulary with verbal intelligence demonstrating relationships with recall and vocabulary. Confidence was not related to Miranda knowledge. Conclusions: Individuals with ID are at a significant disadvantage in custodial situations due to poor Miranda abilities. Systematic modifications are recommended to rectify these vulnerabilities.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.title Detecting the Differences in Miranda Abilities Between Individuals with and without Intellectual Disability en_US
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Psychology Clinical psychology The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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