Images of Lust: Representation and Reception of Luxuria in the Twelfth Century

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dc.contributor Jones, Tanja L.
dc.contributor McPherson, Heather
dc.contributor Mixson, James D.
dc.contributor.advisor Feltman, Jennifer M. McCollum, Lydia Grace 2021-11-23T14:34:17Z 2021-11-23T14:34:17Z 2021
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003938
dc.identifier.other McCollum_alatus_0004M_14539
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract In the twelfth century, Luxuria, the Vice of Lust, associated with overindulgence in sensual pleasures, was depicted in a variety of ways, from didactic trees to individual personifications. In this thesis, I consider how gender informed two image types, the Trees of Vices and the femme-aux-serpents, which address different anticipated audiences and were produced in different contexts and media. In manuscripts, Luxuria is presented alongside other Vices in a didactic and devotional image type known as the Tree of Vices. In the encyclopedia known as the Liber Floridus (Ghent, Ghent University Library, MS 92) (ca. 1120) Luxuria is described in text, in a medallion, rather than represented by a figural personification. This image, created at the collegiate church of Saint-Omer anticipated a male audience. An alternative form of the figure of Luxuria appears in another Tree of Vices in the Speculum Virginum (London, British Library, Ms. Arundel 44) (ca. 1140-1150). Created for the instruction of religious women, this example illustrates Luxuria in the form of a bare-breasted woman atop the Tree of Vices. The small-scale, two-dimensional form of Luxuria in manuscripts addressed individual users in educational and devotional contexts. Next, in sculpture, I analyze the femme-aux-serpents type of Luxuria found on the south porch of the Abbey Church of Saint-Pierre, Moissac (ca. 1115-1131). The sculpture of Luxuria at Moissac is represented as a voluptuous woman who is attacked by snakes and toads. As a demon grasps her arm, the woman suffers by the manner in which she committed her sin. The public, nearly life-size sculpture exemplifies the punishments of the Vice of Luxuria in the afterlife is part of the larger program of the left-lateral wall, which focuses on the narrative of Lazarus and Dives. The sculpture of Luxuria can also be understood as part of the theme of the Virtues and Vices in the larger porch program at Moissac that culminates in an image of Christ in Majesty.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject Lust en_US
dc.subject Luxuria en_US
dc.subject Medieval en_US
dc.subject Vice en_US
dc.title Images of Lust: Representation and Reception of Luxuria in the Twelfth Century en_US
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Art and Art History Art history The University of Alabama master’s M.A.

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