Exclusion of Youth with Down Syndrome: Effects of Age, Moral Reasoning, and Past Experience

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dc.contributor Cundiff, Jenny
dc.contributor Han, Hyemin
dc.contributor Xia, Mengya
dc.contributor.advisor Conners, Frances A
dc.contributor.advisor McDonald, Kristina L
dc.contributor.author Reardanz, Jenna Leeann
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-23T14:33:50Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-23T14:33:50Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.other http://purl.lib.ua.edu/181451
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003890
dc.identifier.other Reardanz_alatus_0004D_14511
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/8122
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Social exclusion can be detrimental to those who experience it (Killen, 1991). Experiences of exclusion can increase the likelihood of later internalizing and externalizing issues (Masten, Eisenberger et al., 2009; Denham, et al., 2017). Research among typically developing (TD) children and adolescents suggests that there is a curvilinear trend of exclusion, in that exclusion peaks during early adolescence (Malti, Strohmeier, & Killen, 2015; Damon, 1977; 1983). Additionally, research suggests that as youth get older they tend to use more morally based reasoning when deciding if they are going to include or exclude a peer (Smentana, et al., 2012; Wainryb, et al., 2005; Smentana, 2013). Past research has primarily focused on the exclusion of a TD peer, instead of a peer with a disability. A few seminal studies have demonstrated that those with a disability may be at a higher risk to be excluded when compared to TD peers (Gasser, Malti, & Buholzer, 2012). Additionally, past research suggests that positive past experiences may increase the likelihood to include a peer with a disability (Armstrong, et al., 2016; Nowicki, 2006). The current study found the expected curvilinear trend of excluding others, especially when the excluded peer had Down syndrome (DS), as well as the expected impact of both disability type and situation on rates of exclusion. Linear trends of moral reasoning with age were found in specific disability and situation interactions. However, the relationship between past experience and moral reasoning with exclusion was not substantiated.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject Age effects en_US
dc.subject Down syndrome en_US
dc.subject Exclusion en_US
dc.subject Moral reasoning en_US
dc.subject Past experience en_US
dc.subject Physical disability en_US
dc.title Exclusion of Youth with Down Syndrome: Effects of Age, Moral Reasoning, and Past Experience en_US
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Department of Psychology
etdms.degree.discipline Developmental psychology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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