Development of a theory based instrument to predict the influence of sexually-oriented music lyrics on the sexual attitudes, beliefs, and intentions of African-American adolescents

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dc.contributor Leeper, James D.
dc.contributor Pruitt, Samory
dc.contributor Usdan, Stuart L.
dc.contributor.advisor Perko, Mike
dc.contributor.advisor Turner, Lori W.
dc.contributor.author Gordon, Brian C.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-28T22:26:29Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-28T22:26:29Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000274
dc.identifier.other Gordon_alatus_0004D_10326
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/780
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Early sexual initiation among American adolescents represents a major public health problem. African-American adolescents (AAas) report earlier age of sexual initiation, which places them at an increased risk of ill health outcomes. Approximately 3 million adolescents are infected with a STI yearly, with the highest incidence occurring in African Americans from impoverished, inner city environments. A relationship among media exposure and media's influence on adolescents' sexual perceptions, attitudes, and intentions has been suggested. However, answers as to whether sexually-oriented music lyrics influence adolescent sexual initiation are unclear. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid instrument based on the Theory of Reasoned Action to enable researchers to predict the influence of sexually-oriented music lyrics on the sexual attitudes, beliefs, and intentions of AAas. A nine step process was followed to develop a survey to enable researchers to predict the influence of sexually-oriented music lyrics on the sexual attitudes, beliefs, and intentions of African-American adolescents. The steps were: 1) identify the attitudinal object, 2) collect a pool of opinion items, 3) submit pool of items to expert panel for review, 4) pilot test draft of the survey, 5) administer item pool to a group of respondents, 6) score each item for each respondent, 7) sum respondents' item scores, 8) correlate item scores with total scale scores for all respondents, and 9) apply statistical criteria for elimination of test items. One hundred eighty-five (n =185) AAas in grades 6-8 residing in rural and urban communities in Alabama participated in the study. An initial pool of items (n =95) was developed based on the TRA, a review of the literature, and input received through focus group interviews with the target audience. Items were eliminated through expert panel review (n =49), item response discrimination, factor analysis (1), and Cronbach's alpha (3). Four subscales were identified with reliability statistics ranging from .722-.940. The final instrument consisted of 44 items with a Cronbach's alpha of .846. Future research should utilize this survey to determine the influence sexually-oriented music lyrics may have on the sexual attitudes, beliefs, and intentions of African-American adolescents.
dc.format.extent 138 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Health Sciences, Education
dc.title Development of a theory based instrument to predict the influence of sexually-oriented music lyrics on the sexual attitudes, beliefs, and intentions of African-American adolescents
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Health Science
etdms.degree.discipline Health Education/Promotion
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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