Effectiveness of a Community-Based Healthcare Worker Cancer Prevention and Referral Program in an Uninsured/Underinsured Minority Community

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dc.contributor.advisor Lawson, Robin
dc.contributor.advisor Moore, Angelo
dc.contributor.author Sparks, Juanita
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-17T20:14:06Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-17T20:14:06Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/7725
dc.description.abstract Introduction/Purpose: Cancer is a leading cause of death in the United States. Healthcare disparities contribute to increased cancer prevalence among vulnerable populations. Strategies to fight cancer, such as use of a community-based healthcare worker (CBHW), is an innovative way to decrease cancer healthcare disparities. The purpose of this project was to evaluate effectiveness of a CBHW cancer prevention and referral program in an uninsured/underinsured minority community. Methods: A prospective pre-/post-intervention design was used. Participants attended once weekly 60-minute virtual education sessions conducted by a CBHW. Pre-/post-intervention survey data pertaining to knowledge of cancer prevention (health literacy), the number of due/overdue cancer screenings, and the number of positive cancer screen participants referred and connected to the appropriate cancer care/treatment were compared at the end of an 8-week period. Results: Results revealed a statistically significant improvement in participant knowledge of cancer prevention (p < 0.05) at the end of the 8-week period, but a statistically significant improvement was not seen in preventative cancer screenings (p = 0.104). None of the participants reported a positive cancer screening or the need to be referred to the patient navigator, therefore, zero referrals were made during the 8-week period. Discussion: The CBHW intervention led to improved knowledge of cancer prevention, but minimal improvement was seen in preventative cancer screenings among participants. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject cancer en_US
dc.subject community-based health worker en_US
dc.subject uninsured en_US
dc.subject underinsured en_US
dc.subject minority communities en_US
dc.subject.mesh Neoplasms en_US
dc.subject.mesh Medically Uninsured en_US
dc.subject.mesh Minority Groups en_US
dc.title Effectiveness of a Community-Based Healthcare Worker Cancer Prevention and Referral Program in an Uninsured/Underinsured Minority Community en_US
dc.type text
dc.type Capstone project en_US


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