How does memory self-efficacy affect source memory within a reality monitoring task?

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dc.contributor Ward, Thomas
dc.contributor Hart, William
dc.contributor McDougall, Graham
dc.contributor.advisor Black, Sheila R.
dc.contributor.advisor McDonough, Ian M. Kraemer, Kyle Rhoads 2021-05-12T16:28:12Z 2021-05-12T16:28:12Z 2020
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003698
dc.identifier.other Kraemer_alatus_0004D_14347
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract The ability to correctly identify the source of a memory is of vital importance to a person’s everyday life. According to the source monitoring framework, memories do not contain source labels, and inferences about the source of a memory must be drawn from the quality of a memory itself. Thus, errors in source memory can occur either due to the quality of the memory in question or due to the inference drawn from characteristics of the memory trace. Recent research has shown the effects of beliefs and expectations on memory, including memory self-efficacy, or belief in one’s ability to succeed in memory tasks. However, the proposed mechanisms through which memory self-efficacy affects memory vary widely and have not been systematically investigated and compared. The current studies demonstrate that the correlation between self-efficacy and memory ability extends to reality monitoring tasks. However, they yield an overall lack of evidence that self-efficacy increases engagement with reality monitoring tasks during encoding. While some evidence suggests that memory self-efficacy shifts the characteristics used to draw reality monitoring inferences, the effects were relatively small, and the shifts in memory self-efficacy did not impact memory accuracy. These findings suggest investigation of other sources of the memory self-efficacy/performance relationship, such as metacognitive awareness. These results have implications for basic research in memory, as well as for practical applications of memory research, such as memory training interventions and eyewitness testimony.
dc.format.extent 133 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Cognitive psychology
dc.subject.other Social psychology
dc.subject.other Psychology
dc.title How does memory self-efficacy affect source memory within a reality monitoring task?
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Psychology Psychology The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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