Vitamins and Sleep: An Exploratory Study

Show simple item record Lichstein, Kenneth Payne, Kristen Soeffing, James Durrence, H. Heith Taylor, Daniel Riedel, Brant Andrew, Bush 2021-04-23T20:51:50Z 2021-04-23T20:51:50Z 2007-12
dc.identifier.citation Lichstein, K., et al. (2007): Vitamins and Sleep: An Exploratory Study. Sleep Medicine, 9(1). en_US
dc.description.abstract Study objective: We analyzed archival data from an epidemiology study to test the association between vitamin use and sleep. Design: Random digit dialing was used to recruit 772 people ranging in age from 20 to 98 for a study of people's sleep experience. These individuals completed a set of questionnaires about their sleep, health, and daytime functioning. 519 of these participants had available vitamin use data. Setting: Home. Participants: 519 people participated. Recruiting applied minimal screening criteria and no attempt was made to favor people with or without sleep disturbance. Interventions: This survey included no intervention. Participants completed 2 weeks of sleep diaries and a set of questions. Of particular salience to the present study, participants reported their vitamin use in listing all medications and nutritional supplements being used currently. Measurements and Results: For those individuals taking a multiple vitamin or multiple single vitamins, sleep diaries revealed poorer sleep compared to nonvitamin users in the number and duration of awakenings during the night. After controlling for age, ethnicity, and sex the difference in number of awakenings was still marginally significant. The rate of insomnia, conservatively defined, and consumption of sleep medication were also marginally significantly higher among individuals taking multi/multiple vitamins compared to those not taking vitamins. Conclusions: Disturbed sleep maintenance was associated with multi/multiple vitamin use. Five equally plausible explanations were advanced to explain this association including vitamins cause poor sleep, poor sleepers seek vitamins, and unidentified factors promote both poor sleep and vitamin use. These data are considered preliminary. Methodological characteristics of Vitamins 3 future studies were described that hold the promise of more clearly illuminating the association between vitamins and sleep. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject vitamins en_US
dc.subject insomnia en_US
dc.subject sleep diary en_US
dc.subject epidemiology en_US
dc.title Vitamins and Sleep: An Exploratory Study en_US
dc.type text

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