The creation of federal services for crippled children, 1890-1941

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dc.contributor Csikai, Ellen L.
dc.contributor Raymond, Ginny T.
dc.contributor Mulvihill, Beverly A.
dc.contributor.advisor Pryce, Josephine G.
dc.contributor.advisor Stuart, Paul H.
dc.contributor.author Hitchcock, Laurel Iverson
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-28T22:22:39Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-28T22:22:39Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000169
dc.identifier.other Hitchcock_alatus_0004D_10159
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/675
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract This historical study examines the factors that led to the creation of a federal program of services for crippled children in the United States during the 1930s. Established as part of the Social Security Act (SSA) of 1935, the Crippled Children Services (CCS) program was one of the first medical programs for children supported by the federal government. As early as the 1890s, many state and local governments developed services for crippled children through private and public efforts, making the federal government a relative late comer to supporting the needs of children with significant physical handicaps due to disease, birth defects and accidents. The development of a national reform agenda based on state and local efforts for crippled children began during the Progressive Era and culminated during the New Deal Era with the passage of the SSA. Several factors influenced the creation of the federal CCS program including the role of reformers and professional groups, the role of state-level private charities and children's institutions, and the increasing authority of the federal government in social programs. Under the SSA, states and territories quickly developed state-level CCS programs during the late 1930s. The United States Children's Bureau (USCB) administered the program for the federal government and helped states to incorporate preventive services and interdisciplinary approaches to service provision into state-level CCS programs. Factors that influenced the implementation of these programs included the availability of matching state funds, the establishment of state programs for crippled children prior to the SSA, and the accessibility of qualified health care professionals and facilities. The United States entry into World War II in 1941 slowed the growth of state-level CCS programs until 1945, and serves as a natural end point to this study.
dc.format.extent 212 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Social Work
dc.subject.other History, United States
dc.title The creation of federal services for crippled children, 1890-1941
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. School of Social Work
etdms.degree.discipline Social Work
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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