The power of change: how changes in community violence and parental monitoring influence reactive and proactive aggression in at-risk youth

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dc.contributor Glenn, Andrea
dc.contributor Tomeny, Theodore
dc.contributor Ericson, Steven
dc.contributor Jarrett, Matthew
dc.contributor.advisor Lochman, John E.
dc.contributor.author Kassing, Francesca L.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-16T15:04:35Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-16T15:04:35Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003485
dc.identifier.other Kassing_alatus_0004D_13506
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/6542
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Objective: This study assessed the longitudinal, predictive relationships between community violence, poor parental monitoring, and aggressive behavior over time. Secondary goals included testing these relationships for reactive versus proactive aggression and assessing poor parental monitoring as a mediator in the relationship between community violence and aggression. Data for this study were collected pre- and post-tornado, providing a unique opportunity to examine the effects of changes to these variables post-disaster. Method: Community violence data was gathered from local law enforcement agencies and combined with an existing dataset of at-risk youth who were enrolled in the Coping Power Program. Data were examined over four time points (one pre-tornado and three post-tornado). Parental monitoring was self-reported by parents using the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire and aggression was assessed by teachers using the Reactive and Proactive Aggression Questionnaire. Results: Autoregressive cross- lagged modeling (ACLM), a type of structural equation modeling, was used to test four primary models. Results revealed negative relationships between community violence and both types of aggressive behavior and positive relationships between poor parental monitoring and both types of aggressive behavior. Secondary and exploratory analyses identified intervention type and elements of tornado exposure as moderators in the relationships between community violence and aggressive behavior. Results from this study have important implications for natural disaster relief and preventive interventions for at-risk youth, as well as provide a basis for further examination of children’s resiliency following trauma exposure.
dc.format.extent 100 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Psychology
dc.title The power of change: how changes in community violence and parental monitoring influence reactive and proactive aggression in at-risk youth
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Department of Psychology
etdms.degree.discipline Psychology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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