The use of social and temporal comparison to explore the process of quality of life evaluation in older adults

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dc.contributor Prentice-Dunn, Steven
dc.contributor Hamilton, James C.
dc.contributor Black, Sheila R.
dc.contributor Hamner, Karl A.
dc.contributor.advisor Snow, Andrea Lynn
dc.contributor.advisor DeCoster, Jamie Chandler, Joseph Francis 2017-02-28T22:21:46Z 2017-02-28T22:21:46Z 2009
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000130
dc.identifier.other Chandler_alatus_0004D_10177
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract QOL measurement is an enormous field that spans multiple disciplines (Felce & Perry, 1995; Phillips, 2006). Calls for its unification, clarification, or abandonment have been common for nearly four decades (Abeles, Gift, & Ory, 1994; Rapley, 2003). Improving QOL conceptualization and measurement is an important endeavor because of the many ways in which QOL measures are used, and the significant effects of these QOL applications, including influencing decisions about drug efficacy and cost effectiveness, and subsequent health policy decisions. Amidst the hundreds of definitions and scales and thousands of published papers, QOL scientists agree that an individual's personal evaluative process is of utmost importance in the formulation of QOL. Yet, there have been few attempts to measure this process, and no attempts to manipulate it. This dissertation sought to examine, quantify, and manipulate a portion of the personal evaluative process in self-reporting an individual's QOL by examining it through the lens of social and temporal comparisons within the bounds of the WHOQOL-BREF. Using a mixed-methods approach, the results of this dissertation demonstrated that social and temporal comparisons play a significant role in the personal evaluative process of self-reporting QOL, and that manipulating what type of comparison an individual uses can significantly impact the numerical outcome of the WHOQOL-BREF. Results are discussed in terms of impact on the use of QOL as an outcome measure in research, policy, and practice.
dc.format.extent 150 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Psychology, Social
dc.subject.other Gerontology
dc.title The use of social and temporal comparison to explore the process of quality of life evaluation in older adults
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Dept. of Psychology Psychology The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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