Examining change, persistence, and variation in the role of invertebrate fauna in mission-era Guale foodways on St. Catherines Island, GA

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dc.contributor Chiou, Katherine L.
dc.contributor Jacobi, Keith P.
dc.contributor Meek, David D.
dc.contributor Andrus, C. Fred T.
dc.contributor.advisor Blair, Elliot H.
dc.contributor.author Colclasure, Cayla Briann
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-01T14:23:47Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-01T14:23:47Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003281
dc.identifier.other Colclasure_alatus_0004M_13844
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/6094
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract This thesis is an analysis of invertebrate fauna from Mission-era (ca. AD 1565-1680) shell middens on St. Catherines Island, Georgia, which contributes to archaeological inquiries into population aggregation, community organization, and indigenous foodways at Pueblo Santa Catalina de Guale. Zooarchaeological and stable isotope analyses of bulk samples of shell midden matrix from five Mission-era residential neighborhoods at Pueblo Santa Catalina de Guale are used to explore invertebrate animal use, season of capture, and habitat exploitation. The summed Mission-era results are contrasted with similar data from the pre-Hispanic Irene Period (AD 1300-1580) (Bergh 2012) on St. Catherines to assess change and continuity in shellfishing practices during missionization. Reduced reliance on eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) relative to other mollusks, increased seasonal restriction in oyster collection, and increased intra-site variability in animal use on St. Catherines Island were indirect consequences of Spanish colonialism. The assemblages from each Mission-era neighborhood are compared to one another and considered in combination with previous vertebrate faunal (Reitz and Duke 2008, Reitz et al. 2010, Reitz 2016) analyses to closely examine intra-site variability. Population aggregation of towns from along the coast at Pueblo Santa Catalina created a pluralistic indigenous community with multiple culinary communities of practice. This is linked to increased variation in vertebrate and invertebrate animal use from the Irene Period at Meeting House Field (Bergh 2012) into the Mission era at Pueblo Santa Catalina de Guale.
dc.format.extent 162 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Archaeology
dc.title Examining change, persistence, and variation in the role of invertebrate fauna in mission-era Guale foodways on St. Catherines Island, GA
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Department of Anthropology
etdms.degree.discipline Anthropology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level master's
etdms.degree.name M.A.

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