Reconsidering the role of sex hormones in psychopathy development: estrogen and psychopathy among young offenders

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dc.contributor Earley, Ryan L.
dc.contributor Glenn, Andrea L.
dc.contributor Cox, Jennifer
dc.contributor Kim, Giyeon
dc.contributor.advisor Salekin, Randall T. Harrison, Natalie Antoinette 2018-12-14T18:11:53Z 2018-12-14T18:11:53Z 2018
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0003090
dc.identifier.other Harrison_alatus_0004D_13385
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Despite a common conception that testosterone is the sex hormone most associated with aggression and dominance, research has supported positive relationships between estrogen and each of: lacking empathy, sensation seeking, aggressive behavior, and low stress reactivity; many traits that are present in the syndrome of psychopathy. This study examined how estradiol, cortisol, and testosterone interact to inform psychopathic traits by measuring baseline and reactive hormone levels among 84 young offenders (M age =15.74) in a Southeastern juvenile detention center. The primary findings of this study were relationships between interacting HPA and HPG hormones with primary and secondary psychopathic traits; interpersonal traits related to cortisol and testosterone reactivity and lifestyle traits related to cortisol reactivity and baseline estradiol. An especially interesting finding was high levels of all three hormones in relation to high lifestyle trait scores. Findings also emerged for exploratory analyses, including sex and age interactions with baseline and reactive estradiol related to affective and lifestyle traits and hormonal interactions among males-only relating psychopathy total score and interpersonal traits to interactions between estradiol and testosterone reactivity, as well as affective traits related to baseline cortisol and testosterone.
dc.format.extent 137 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Clinical psychology
dc.title Reconsidering the role of sex hormones in psychopathy development: estrogen and psychopathy among young offenders
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Psychology Psychology The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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