Gas Sloshing Regulates and Records the Evolution of the Fornax Cluster

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dc.contributor.author Su, Yuanyuan
dc.contributor.author Nulsen, Paul E. J.
dc.contributor.author Kraft, Ralph P.
dc.contributor.author Roediger, Elke
dc.contributor.author ZuHone, John A.
dc.contributor.author Jones, Christine
dc.contributor.author Forman, William R.
dc.contributor.author Sheardown, Alex
dc.contributor.author Irwin, Jimmy A.
dc.contributor.author Randall, Scott W.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-05T14:30:48Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-05T14:30:48Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12-10
dc.identifier.citation Su, Y. et al. (2017): Gas Sloshing Regulates and Records the Evolution of the Fornax Cluster. The Astrophysical Journal, 851(1). DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa989e en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/5145
dc.description.abstract We present results of a joint Chandra and XMM-Newton analysis of the Fornax Cluster, the nearest galaxy cluster in the southern sky. Signatures of merger-induced gas sloshing can be seen in the X-ray image. We identify four sloshing cold fronts in the intracluster medium, residing at radii of 3 kpc (west), 10 kpc (northeast), 30 kpc (southwest), and 200 kpc (east). Despite spanning over two orders of magnitude in radius, all four cold fronts fall onto the same spiral pattern that wraps around the BCG NGC 1399, likely all initiated by the infall of NGC 1404. The most evident front is to the northeast, 10 kpc from the cluster center, which separates low-entropy highmetallicity gas and high-entropy low-metallicity gas. The metallicity map suggests that gas sloshing, rather than an AGN outburst, is the driving force behind the redistribution of the enriched gas in this cluster. The innermost cold front resides within the radius of the strong cool core. The sloshing timescale within the cooling radius, calculated from the Brunt–Väsälä frequency, is an order of magnitude shorter than the cooling time. It is plausible that gas sloshing is contributing to the heating of the cool core, provided that gas of different entropies can be mixed effectively via Kelvin–Helmholtz instability. The estimated age of the outermost front suggests that this is not the first infall of NGC 1404. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.subject galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium en_US
dc.subject X-rays: galaxies: clusters en_US
dc.title Gas Sloshing Regulates and Records the Evolution of the Fornax Cluster en_US
dc.type text en_US


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