Identification of Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperature Influences of Upper Colorado River Basin Snowpack

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dc.contributor.author Aziz, Oubeidillah A.
dc.contributor.author Tootle, Glenn A.
dc.contributor.author Gray, Stephen T.
dc.contributor.author Piechota, Thomas C.
dc.coverage.spatial Colorado River Watershed (Colo.-Mexico) en_US
dc.coverage.spatial Pacific Ocean en_US
dc.coverage.spatial Utah en_US
dc.coverage.spatial Colorado en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-17T21:14:39Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-17T21:14:39Z
dc.date.issued 2010-07-27
dc.identifier.citation Aziz, O., et al. (2010): Identification of Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperature Influences of Upper Colorado River Basin Snowpack. Water Resources Research, 46(7). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2009WR008053 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/4043
dc.description.abstract [1] Given the importance of Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB) snowpack as the primary driver of streamflow (water supply) for the southwestern United States, the identification of Pacific Ocean climatic drivers (e.g., sea surface temperature (SST) variability) may prove valuable in long‐lead‐time forecasting of snowpack in this critical region. Previous research efforts have identified El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Pacific Decadel Oscillation (PDO) as the main drivers for western U.S. snowpack, but these drivers have limited influence on regional (Utah and Colorado) UCRB snowpack. The current research applies for the first time the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) statistical method to Pacific Ocean SSTs and continental U.S. snowpack to identify the primary Pacific Ocean climatic driver of UCRB snowpack. The use of SSTs eliminates any “bias” as to specific climate signals. The second mode of SVD identified a UCRB snowpack region (Colorado and Utah) and a corresponding Pacific Ocean SST region. A “non‐ENSO/non‐PDO” Pacific Ocean SST region between 34°N–24°S and 150°E–160°W was identified as being the primary driver of UCRB snowpack. To confirm the UCRB snowpack results, data from 13 unimpaired (or naturalized) streamflow gages in Colorado and Utah were used to evaluate and support the snowpack findings. Finally, a new and beneficial data set (western U.S. 1 March, 1 April, and 1 May snow water equivalent) was developed, which may be used in future research efforts. en_US
dc.format.medium application/pdf en_US
dc.subject climate en_US
dc.subject sea surface temperatures en_US
dc.subject snowpack en_US
dc.subject Upper Colorado River Basin en_US
dc.subject multivariate statistics en_US
dc.title Identification of Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperature Influences of Upper Colorado River Basin Snowpack en_US
dc.type text en_US


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