Opting Out: Parents Creating Contested Spaces to Challenge Standardized Tests

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dc.rights.license Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) en_US
dc.contributor.author Mitra, Dana
dc.contributor.author Mann, Bryan
dc.contributor.author Hlavacik, Mark
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-07T16:29:34Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-07T16:29:34Z
dc.identifier.citation Mitra, D., Mann, B., and Hlavacik, M. (2016). Opting out: Parents creating contested spaces to challenge standardized tests. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 24(31). en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/3721
dc.description We explore how the opt-out movement has responded to the combination of a stringent federal policy with weak and often variable implementation among the states. Gaps between federal expectations and states’ understandings of just how to make NCLB’s demands a reality have created policy ambiguity. Parents who oppose standardized testing have recognized the resulting tensions and oversights in state education systems as a policy vacuum rife with opportunities for resistance. We examine how parents have exploited policy ambiguity through creating contested spaces—places of agency in stringent policy environments in which grassroots can question policy authority and take action. We conclude by considering whether these contested spaces are sustainable and whether the policy outcomes generated in contested spaces are reasonably equitable. en_US
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject Education policy en_US
dc.subject Standardized tests en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Education and state en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Parent-teacher relationships—Law and legislation en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Education—Standards—United States en_US
dc.subject.lcsh United States. No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 en_US
dc.title Opting Out: Parents Creating Contested Spaces to Challenge Standardized Tests en_US


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

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