Traditional health-seeking practices among rural and urban negev bedouin populations in israel

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dc.contributor DeCaro, Jason A.
dc.contributor Pritzker, Sonya E.
dc.contributor Lichtenstein, Bronwen
dc.contributor.advisor Oths, Kathryn S. Wanis, Monika 2018-07-11T16:49:00Z 2018-07-11T16:49:00Z 2018
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0002913
dc.identifier.other Wanis_alatus_0004M_13470
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Despite the establishment of Israel’s 1995 National Health Insurance Law which provided biomedical healthcare to citizens of Israel, there remains a large number of Bedouins living in Israel’s Negev region with inadequate health-care. The goal of this project is to determine how Israel’s universal provision of health-care has shaped patterns of knowledge, use, and attitudes towards traditional and biomedical treatments among Negev Bedouins. This project is a cross-sectional, mixed methods design that included 40 participants from four sub populations: 15 urban Bedouins, 15 rural Bedouins, 6 traditional healers, 4 biomedical practitioners. The first phase consisted of a historical analysis of health policy among Negev Bedouins to identify transformations in health seeking behaviors over time. The second phase consisted of participatory mapping to gauge geographic distances between homes, traditional healers, and government clinics. The third and fourth phases consisted of open ended structured interviews to identify sociodemographic information, patterns of health seeking behaviors, and the availability, accessibility and satisfaction of traditional and biomedical healers. Correlations, chi-square tests, and t-tests were conducted for associations between Negev sub-populations and the dependent variables. Qualitative ethnographic data was analyzed for key sentences and central concepts that demonstrates similarities and differences in health seeking behaviors within and between the two groups. It was hypothesized that despite universal healthcare in Israel, due to limited accessibility of health-care clinics, the desire to maintain traditional healing practices and the dismissal and lack of understanding of cross-cultural healing by biomedical practitioners, rural Negev women would more frequently seek traditional healers over biomedical practitioners, than would urban Negev women. Findings reveal no significant evidence for differences in accessibility, differences in healer preference, or differences in the frequency of visits to biomedical practitioners. Despite no significant difference between the two groups, evidence suggests that there is an overwhelming preference for visiting traditional healers for both groups. Evidence for linguistic barriers was found between the rural group and the biomedical practitioners. Quantitative and qualitative findings suggest differences in satisfaction with the health insurance law between the two populations.
dc.format.extent 117 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Cultural anthropology
dc.title Traditional health-seeking practices among rural and urban negev bedouin populations in israel
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Dept. of Anthropology Anthropology The University of Alabama master's M.A.

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