Flower boys and muscled men: comparing American and South Korean cultural models of the ideal male body using cultural domain analysis

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dc.contributor DeCaro, Jason A.
dc.contributor Pritzker, Sonya E.
dc.contributor Roskos-Ewoldsen, Beverly
dc.contributor.advisor Dressler, William W.
dc.contributor.author Monocello, Lawrence Thomas
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-04T14:58:02Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-04T14:58:02Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0002890
dc.identifier.other Monocello_alatus_0004M_13302
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/3566
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract This study uses cultural domain analysis to understand the similarities and differences in ideal male body image between Americans and South Koreans. The prevalence of body image and eating disorders is rising all over the world, in women and in men. Due in large part to universalist assumptions about masculinity, the ways in which men’s body image is understood across cultures are understudied. Further, cross-cultural research on body image often fails to account for the effect of cultural differences through anything more than a nominal variable. Therefore, this study demonstrates an emically valid and scientifically reliable mixed methods approach to the study of body image that can be used in multidisciplinary research to more effectively operationalize “culture.” Results show that Americans understand body ideals largely through the dimension of individual control, while South Koreans understand body ideals through the dimensions of importance and desirability. Americans also more strongly endorse the instrumental aspects of male bodies, while South Koreans focus on their ornamental qualities, reflecting differing cultural scripts for achieving and projecting masculine status. Specifically, while Americans endorse highly muscular male bodies as ideal, South Koreans endorse more slender, “prettier” male images, of which one prominent example is the kkonminam, or “beautiful flower boy.”
dc.format.extent 244 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Cultural anthropology
dc.title Flower boys and muscled men: comparing American and South Korean cultural models of the ideal male body using cultural domain analysis
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Anthropology
etdms.degree.discipline Anthropology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level master's
etdms.degree.name M.A.


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